Legal immigration

Immigration in Italy is a recent phenomenon that has expanded greatly over the last thirty years. To cope with the increase of immigration the Italian state made a reform called legge Martelli in 1990, to manage and program the immigration also depending on the needs of the country.

Then Italy in a few years has gone from being a country of emigration to attract immigrants, and this has happened mainly for these reasons:

  • The Italian state has issued some laws for helping the immigrant to find a job and to be integrated in the Italian society, for example now it is easier to learn the Italian for an immigrant due to the fact that there are a lot of schools that teach it for free
  • The growth of the Italian economy and the creation of a lot of new job places

Now Italy is one of the country with more immigrants in Europe, and despite the crisis it continues to attract many qualified immigrants.

The most numerous foreign communities are Romanian, Albanian and Moroccan communities that represent about 40 percent of foreigner population.


Table of immigration in Italy in recent years

Year Population Year Population
2002 1,341,209 2009 3,402,435
2003 1,464,663 2010 3,648,128
2004 1,854,748 2011 3,879,224
2005 2,210,478 2012 4,052,081
2006 2,419,483 2013 4,387,721
2007 2,592,950 2014 4,922,085
2008 3,023,317 2015 5,014,437


Illegal immigration

Many illegal immigrants from Africa travel with dangerous boats across the Mediterranean Sea to arrive in Italy. This has led to numerous disasters.

A problem of the illegal immigration is the business of the fake passport.

There are a lot of people who are using fake Syrian passports to obtain the refugee status in the EU. This fraud damages those who really have the necessity to escape from certain Death.ERASMUS

The traffickers steal original passports from Syrian citizens, and then send them to other people

In 2013 in Italy there were almost 30.000 irregular immigrants.

In recent years the number of refugees fleeing the war has greatly increased in part because of instability in Africa, and also thanks to the improvement of the technologies that allowed immigrants to communicate more easily with others who have already arrived in Italy, and to find out which are the best routes.

Most of the immigrants who arrive in Italy depart from Libya, many of them face two trips one to arrive in Libya and then from Libya to Italy.

Most of them come from the northern and central Africa, particularly Libya, Senegal and Ethiopia.

They land in Italy. Most of the immigrants consider Italy only as a transit country because they are directed to northern Europe, for example in Sweden and Germany.

In Italy there have been more or less 90,000 asylum applications in 2015, an increase of 30% compared to 2014.

Immigration in Italy